Welfare Leavers
   Life After Welfare Series
   Caseload Exits Series
Current Welfare Recipients
   Life On Welfare Series
   The Active TANF Caseload In MD
Additional Welfare Topics
   Welfare Baseline
   Time Limits
   Barriers to Employment
   Work Supports and Initiatives
Child Support Caseload
Child Support Guidelines
Child Support Initiatives

Reports are free of charge, and may be downloaded from this page.

Life After Welfare 2017 Annual Update
Letitia Passarella & Lisa Thiebaud Nicoli

Child Support Cases Without Support Orders: Three-year Outcomes
(September 2017) Natalie Demyan & Letitia Logan Passarella
  This brief examines cases that do not have support orders, and the percentage of these cases has remained relatively stableóbetween 20% to 25% of the caseload. By examining cases without support orders over a three-year follow-up period, we found that three in five had closed, one in five had established support orders, and the last one-fifth remained open without support orders in place. This brief provides additional details about each of those three outcomes and compares TANF and non-TANF case outcomes.

Life on Welfare: Temporary Cash Assistance Families & Recipients, 2015 & 2016
(July 2017)
  During each of the State Fiscal Years (SFYs) between 2016 and 2019, we will provide a jurisdictional summary of the adults who receive Temporary Cash Assistance (TCA). Six different jurisdictions will be highlighted in each year.

October 2015 Ė September 2016 - Caseload Exits at the Local Level
(May 2017) Elizabeth Gleason, Letitia Logan Passarella

Life on Welfare: Temporary Cash Assistance Families & Recipients, 2015 & 2016
(March 2017) Lisa Thiebaud Nicoli & Letitia Logan Passarella
  This brief profiles families who received cash assistance in state fiscal years 2015 and 2016. In particular, the brief provides information about case characteristics as well as adult recipientsí demographics and work histories.

Life on Welfare: Temporary Cash Assistance Families & Recipients, 2016 Jurisdictional Profiles
(March 2017) Natalie Demyan & Lisa Thiebaud Nicoli
  This document includes one-page profiles of families who received cash assistance in state fiscal year 2016 in each of Marylandís 24 jurisdictions.

Marylandís Child Support Caseload: Trends among Cases, 2010 to 2016
(March 2017) Elizabeth Gleason & Letitia Logan Passarella

15 Years Later: Long-term Outcomes for Families Leaving Welfare
(February 2017) Lisa Thiebaud Nicoli, Elizabeth Gleason,
& Letitia Logan Passarella

  This report provides a comprehensive look at early Temporary Cash Assistance (TCA) leavers in Maryland over a 15-year span of time. Specifically, we examine outcomes for a sample of families who exited the TCA program from October 1996, the first month of TANF implementation in Maryland, through March 2000. We provide a profile of these early leavers and examine 15 years of their employment and earnings outcomes as well as their receipt of public assistance, including TCA, Food Supplement, and Medical Assistance. This information provides insight into the long-term experiences of Marylandís early leavers affected by welfare reform.

October 2014 Ė September 2015 - Caseload Exits at the Local Level
(December 2016) Ann Myatt James, Letitia Logan Passarella

Marylandís Child Support Caseload: A Profile of Custodians, 2015
(December 2016) Lauren A. Hall & Letitia Logan Passarella

Economic Stability after Leaving Welfare
(December 2016) Ann Myatt James & Lisa Thiebaud Nicoli
  This brief profiles former TCA clients who achieved economic stability, which we define as stable employment for five years with earnings that either grew over time, consistently exceeded the federal poverty threshold, or remained above the federal poverty threshold for the last two of the five years. Only about 15% of clients in the sample were economically stable. Those who realized economic stability were more likely to live in suburban counties, more educated, and more likely to have worked (and to have higher earnings) before receiving assistance. They were also more likely to work in health care, government, and education immediately after exit.

2016 Annual Update
Letitia Passarella, Lisa Thiebaud Nicoli, & Lauren A. Hall

Maryland Child Support Guidelines: 2011 - 2014 Case-Level Review
(November 2016) Lauren Hall, Natalie Demyan, Letitia Passarella
 This report examines a random sample of IV-D child support orders established or modified between 2011 and 2014. Consistent with previous reviews, most (70.7%) order amounts were based on Marylandís child support guidelines. However, many of the orders that deviated from the guidelines-recommended amount did not list a reason for the deviation.

The Young Fathersí Employment Program in Maryland: An Initial Review of Participant Outcomes
(June 2016) Letitia Logan Passarella
  This report examines the employment, earnings, and child support payments of 328 noncustodial parents who participated in the Young Fathersí Employment Program. We compare their outcomes in the year preceding and the year following their enrollment in the program.

Who Earns Too Much for TCA? Examining Income Above Limit Case Closures
(June 2016) Ann Myatt James & Letitia Logan Passarella
  In this brief, we profile work-eligible Temporary Cash Assistance (TCA) cases that were closed for earnings or child support payments that exceeded the threshold for continuing cash assistance benefits. We focus on these closures, because they may represent families that are able to make successful exits from the TCA program.

Work Activities and Short-term Employment & Earnings among TANF Recipients
(June 2016) Lisa Thiebaud Nicoli
  In this brief, we explore the relationship between the work-related activities in which work-eligible customers participate and employment and earnings in the year after their cases close. We focus on the four most common federal core activities: unsubsidized employment, education and training, work experience, and job search.

Two-Parent Families & Cash Assistance
(May 2016) Elizabeth Gleason & Lisa Thiebaud Nicoli
  In this brief, we profile October 2014 TCA cases that were designated as two-parent families. In October 2014, two-parent families were 2% of all cases, making them a small but growing part of the TCA caseload. Two-parent families are a distinct population: over half of recipient adults are married, and two-parent families are more likely to have three or more children than other families receiving TCA. In particular, two-parent families have very little prior welfare receipt. Most two-parent families have one employed parent, but two employed parents are not common.

Bridging the Gap: Is Welfare a Parental Leave Alternative for Low-Income Families?
(April 2016) Lauren A. Hall
  This brief provides a profile of cash assistance cases in Maryland that were designated as a child under one case and therefore received a work exemption known as the Age of Youngest Child (AYC) exemption. In general, the clients on these cases were substantially younger than the typical cash assistance client in the state, many of them were new to the cash assistance program, and just over half were employed before receiving benefits.

Life after Welfare: Disconnected Leavers Who Reconnect
(March 2016) Elizabeth Gleason, Letitia Logan Passarella
  Previously, we found that 70% of clients who exited the Temporary Cash Assistance (TCA) program experienced at least one spell of disconnection from work, TCA, and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) that lasted for an average of one year. However, among leavers who were disconnected in the quarter immediately following their exits from TCA, some were able to reconnect to a source of income in the subsequent quarter. This research brief focuses on those clients in order to determine what source of income they reconnected to, how long they remained connected to that source of income, and what were their short-term welfare and employment outcomes compared to the leavers that remained disconnected for two consecutive quarters.

Are Welfare Recipients with the Most Severe Work Sanction Particularly Disadvantaged?
(March, 2016) Lisa Thiebaud Nicoli
  In this brief, we explore differences among Temporary Cash Assistance (TCA) clients with 1-day, 10-day, and 30-day work sanctions. Using the entire population of work-eligible cases that closed between October 2013 and September 2014, we find considerable diversity within the work-sanctioned population. Customers with 1-day work sanctions have more advantageous characteristics, such as a greater likelihood of education beyond high school. Customers with 30-day sanctions are a distinct population: they were the most likely to return to TCA, and they earned the least, both before receiving TCA and after case closure.

Life on Welfare: Trends in the 2014 TCA Caseload
(February, 2016) Lauren A. Hall and Letitia Logan Passarella
  This report profiles cases that received Temporary Cash Assistance (TCA, Marylandís TANF program) in October 2014. In addition to providing information about clientsí demographic characteristics, past participation in TCA, and employment histories, we examine trends in the TCA caseload between October 2010 and October 2014.

An Overview of Work Sanctions in Maryland
(February, 2016) Lisa Thiebaud Nicoli
  In this brief, we provide a snapshot of what work sanctions look like in Maryland today. Focusing on cases that closed between October 2013 and September 2014, we find that 60% of cases subject to the work requirement received at least one work sanction during that year. Marylandís most severe work sanction, which closes the case for 30 days, is also the most common sanction. Of cases that received a work sanction, one in four had at least one more work sanction during the same year.


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