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Life on Welfare: Temporary Cash Assistance Families & Recipients, 2016-2018 (March 2019)
During each of the State Fiscal Years (SFYs) between 2016 and 2019, we will provide a jurisdictional summary of the adults who receive Temporary Cash Assistance (TCA). Six different jurisdictions will be highlighted in each year.
This brief describes families who received cash assistance in state fiscal year 2018. Familiesí characteristics, as well as adult recipientsí demographic characteristics and work histories, are the main focus.
Due to a policy change, Temporary Cash Assistance (TCA) cases designated as long-term disabled were moved into the population subject to the work participation rate in October 2015. This brief follows individuals on long-term disabled cases who received TCA in July, August, or September 2015 for two years. We investigate whether individuals on these cases applied for Supplemental Security Income (SSI) as required, whether they received SSI, and whether they continued to receive TCA.
These snapshots for Maryland and each of the 24 jurisdictions in the state provide demographic information about noncustodial parents, their employment, and their child support orders and payments. Additionally, comparisons are made between noncustodial parents earning full-time minimum wage or less and those earning a living wage.
This report examines the actual earnings and payment outcomes of obligors whose incomes were imputed to full-time minimum wage (FTMW) for purposes of establishing a support order. These outcomes are compared to obligors whose incomes were not imputed to this amount. Additional comparisons are made with other low-income obligors whose actual incomes were used during the establishment process or whose incomes were imputed to an amount less than FTMW.
Increasing the earning potential of adults, particularly those who receive public benefits, is important for family economic stability, child well-being, and preventing inter-generational poverty. In order to understand more about all adults caring for children in Marylandís Temporary Cash Assistance (TCA) program, this report focuses on the demographics, cash assistance receipt, and employment and earnings of adults who are recipients of TCA benefits as well as adults on child-only cases. The report also examines the characteristics of adults on the different types of child-only cases.
This brief describes families who received cash assistance in state fiscal year 2017. Familiesí characteristics, as well as adult recipientsí demographic characteristics and work histories, are the main focus.
In this brief, we examine employment and earnings outcomes for three years after case closure for Temporary Cash Assistance (TCA) clients in two different groups. One group retained employment for three months following case closure, and the other group did not retain employment. In each year after case closure, those who retained employment were more likely to work, and they earned more too. However, some of the gap in earnings is explained by the fact that those who retained employment were more likely to work all four quarters in a year. Additionally, the retained employment group was more likely to have worked before receiving TCA and earned more before receiving TCA as well.
In Maryland, about one quarter of child support orders deviate from the guidelines-recommended amount. Ideally, these deviations encourage obligors to make regular payments, but there has been no prior research on this topic. In this brief, we found that deviations appear to have a small but positive influence on payment compliance.
This brief examines cases that do not have support orders, and the percentage of these cases has remained relatively stableóbetween 20% to 25% of the caseload. By examining cases without support orders over a three-year follow-up period, we found that three in five had closed, one in five had established support orders, and the last one-fifth remained open without support orders in place. This brief provides additional details about each of those three outcomes and compares TANF and non-TANF case outcomes.
This brief profiles families who received cash assistance in state fiscal years 2015 and 2016. In particular, the brief provides information
about case characteristics as well as adult recipientsí demographics and work histories.
This report provides a comprehensive look at early Temporary Cash Assistance (TCA) leavers in Maryland over a 15-year span of time. Specifically, we examine outcomes for a sample of families who exited the TCA program from October 1996, the first month of TANF implementation in Maryland, through March 2000. We provide a profile of these early leavers and examine 15 years of their employment and earnings outcomes as well as their receipt of public assistance, including TCA, Food Supplement, and Medical Assistance. This information provides insight into the long-term experiences of Marylandís early leavers affected by welfare reform.